Dissertations and Theses @ UNI


Dissertation (UNI Access Only)


Upward Bound Program (U.S.)--Longitudinal studies; Low-income students--Education--Iowa--Longitudinal studies; College preparation programs--Iowa--Cedar Falls--Evaluation;


This study is a ten-year retrospective, longitudinal, quantitative study that assesses if the University of Northern Iowa Classic Upward Bound (UNI CUB) program is meeting the charge of preparing its participants to compete in the world of education, in both high school and postsecondary institutions. This study compared participants of CUB to like students (low-income) and to the entire student body within the Waterloo Community School District. The research also examined the effect of engagement on several outcome variables within the CUB program. The theoretical model used in conducting this study was Dr. Nevitt Sanford’s (1988) challenge and support theory. The research examined if the program’s required participation in intentional activities offers enough support and challenges the students to successfully compete in the world of education.

This study is important because of the critical need to discover if direct relationships exist between the challenge and support offered by UNI CUB and the success of students. It is also important because of the potential to identify best practices that may assist the TRIO community (which are a group of eight programs designed to serve disadvantage individuals) to better serve its students. In a time of limited resources, it is important to ensure that funds are used to meet the needs of TRIO eligible students. Dr. Marian Wright Edelman (2010), in The State of America’s Children 2010, said it best, “The greatest threat to America’s national security comes from no enemy without but from our failure to protect, invest in, and educate all of our children who make up all of our futures” (p. v).

Year of Submission


Degree Name

Doctor of Education


Department of Educational Leadership and Postsecondary Education

First Advisor

Robin Lund, Chair

Second Advisor

Michael Waggoner, Co-Chair

Date Original


Object Description

1 PDF file (v, 115 pages)



File Format


Off-Campus Download