Dissertations and Theses @ UNI


Open Access Thesis


Psychological child abuse; Abused children -- Psychology; Parent and child;


The purpose of the present study was to explore the relationship between parental verbal abuse and children's emotional development (depression, anxiety, stress, self esteem, and anger). The participants were 29 male and 89 female college students whose average age was 19. Five instruments were used to collect data: Depression, Anxiety, and Stress Scales (DASS-21), Coopersmith Self-Esteem Inventory, Verbal Abuse Measure, Child Attitude Toward Parents Measure, and State-Trait Anger Expression Inventory. For data analyses, several tests were used. The Pearson correlation was calculated to see the inter-correlations of each emotional variable. A multiple regression analysis was used to find out what variables predicted the level of state anger. Moreover, an independent simple t-Test was conducted to examine gender differences. Finally, a one-way ANOVA was used to see family configuration and the effects of verbal abuse. The findings indicate several correlations between parents' verbal abuse and children's depression, anxiety, stress, anger, and self-esteem. The results show that the more verbal abuse participants experience, the higher their depression, anxiety, and stress, and the lower their self-esteem. In addition, the findings show an inverse correlation between anger and parents' verbal abuse. The findings also indicate that males have more negative attitudes toward their mothers than females. In addition, the findings show that different family configurations have an impact on the individuals. Therefore, parental verbal abuse has both short- and long-term effects on children's emotional development. Although, implications were drawn for teachers, counselors, and parents, further research is needed to investigate the effects of parental verbal abuse.

Year of Submission


Degree Name

Specialist in Education


Department of Educational Psychology and Foundations

First Advisor

Radhi H. Al-Mabuk


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