Dissertations and Theses @ UNI


Open Access Thesis


Education -- Standards -- Iowa; Public schools; Iowa; Academic theses;


Due to the qualitative nature of manifestation determinations there is variation is how manifestation determinations are applied across situations and settings. In addition, IEP teams remain uncertain and uniformed regarding conducting manifestation determinations. This study investigate how Iowa's Area Education Agencies (AEAs) adopted procedures compare with federal and state requirements and expert guidelines. The reliability of manifestation determinations may be improved when AEA's adopt procedures are consistent with federal and state requirements, and expert guidelines. Tue information gleaned from this document review may also be of value to AEA's in establishing their own procedures for manifestation determinations. The study utilizes manifestation determination guidelines from 12 of Iowa's 15 AEAs. Tue instrument used to conduct this quantitative document analysis contained 14 items. Items 1-8 represented federal (and state) requirements, while Items 9-14 represented expert guidelines for conducting manifestation determinations. Inter-rater reliability was established at 95% overall. The analysis used descriptive statistics to compare the adopted procedures to federal requirements and expert guidelines. The overall match range for was 5/14-10/14 (36%-71%) for the 12 AEAs. The match range for the Items 1-8 was 5/8-8/8 (63%-100%). When the items were analyzed the match range for Items 1-8 was 2/12-12 (17%- 100%). Items 9-14 had a match range of 1/12-0/12 (8%-0%).

Year of Submission


Degree Name

Specialist in Education


Department of Educational Leadership and Postsecondary Education

First Advisor

Susan Etscheidt

Second Advisor

Barry Wilson


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Date Original


Object Description

1 PDF file (61 leaves)



File Format


Included in

Education Commons