1 00:00:04,710 --> 00:00:08,340 You know something about telling stories? If you don't write it 2 00:00:08,340 --> 00:00:13,590 down on paper, sometimes you forget what you say. I bet you 3 00:00:13,590 --> 00:00:18,840 that's why people write the words down and make it into a 4 00:00:18,840 --> 00:00:20,070 book. Right? 5 00:00:20,000 --> 00:00:23,840 Ms. Harmon from the Freeburg School recognizes the importance 6 00:00:23,870 --> 00:00:27,890 of the oral tradition, storytelling. She uses stories 7 00:00:27,920 --> 00:00:31,250 of familiar events to foster children's understanding of the 8 00:00:31,280 --> 00:00:36,200 elements of narrative. Here she focuses children's attention on 9 00:00:36,200 --> 00:00:37,070 sequence. 10 00:00:38,980 --> 00:00:45,610 Next, all the children came in from gym, washed their hands and 11 00:00:45,610 --> 00:00:51,550 sat down at the table. After that, we all say "happy 12 00:00:51,580 --> 00:01:02,260 birthday" to Jaelan. Gave her five claps and three hip hip 13 00:01:02,290 --> 00:01:02,980 hoorays. 14 00:01:03,880 --> 00:01:09,250 The teacher easily weaves number into the story. This story about 15 00:01:09,250 --> 00:01:12,400 a recent celebration fosters a sense of community among the 16 00:01:12,400 --> 00:01:13,030 children. 17 00:01:14,830 --> 00:01:19,960 Oh, Isaac, I did forget. Oh, as she was peeling? She sure did. 18 00:01:19,960 --> 00:01:23,830 That's why a good author needs to write all their words down. 19 00:01:23,830 --> 00:01:25,330 You're absolutely right, because 20 00:01:25,350 --> 00:01:29,460 She uses the child's reminder to point out the value of writing. 21 00:01:29,680 --> 00:01:34,810 Everybody sitting at the table. Drum roll and we can get by. 22 00:01:35,530 --> 00:01:36,730 You're absolutely right. 23 00:01:37,660 --> 00:01:41,560 In addition to modeling storytelling, Ms. Harmon also 24 00:01:41,560 --> 00:01:45,250 encourages her children to tell their own stories. Notice how 25 00:01:45,250 --> 00:01:48,490 she supports the children by keeping track of the elements of 26 00:01:48,490 --> 00:01:50,140 their stories on her fingers. 27 00:01:50,900 --> 00:01:54,770 Okay, her story is about blocks. Good listeners. 28 00:02:08,280 --> 00:02:16,931 The teacher's genuine delight in the children's stories helps the 29 00:02:17,065 --> 00:02:24,918 children to feel valued. The teacher encourages children to 30 00:02:25,051 --> 00:02:32,771 retell or reenact events in stories. Here, a child borrows 31 00:02:32,904 --> 00:02:41,690 from familiar fairy tales to weave a fantasy involving a princess. 32 00:02:47,910 --> 00:02:51,450 Telling stories helps children develop competence in oral 33 00:02:51,450 --> 00:02:55,380 language as well as confidence in their own ability to convey 34 00:02:55,410 --> 00:02:57,000 information orally.