Middle Woodland Period archaeology, ceramic typology, eastern Iowa
Archaeological survey and testing of two proposed road projects within the Cedar River valley resulted in the location of several prehistoric occupational sites. Ceramics recovered at three of the sites, 13LN226, 13LN236, and 13LN243, are identified as late Middle Woodland period specimens, dating to ca. A.D. 200. The three sites border Cedar River tributaries, occupying high terrace formations within the broad bottomlands of the Cedar valley. The type and distribution of artifacts suggest that 13LN236 and 13LN243 functioned as repeatedly utilized, short-term extractive and processing camps. Previous research at sites of similar age focused on small, protected rockshelters and large, long-term "village" sites. The identification of field camps in the areas investigated provides a more complete picture of Middle Woodland settlement patterns in the Cedar valley. The ceramic type Spring Hollow Crosshatched is described, based on specimens recovered from several sites in the Iowa, Cedar, and Wapsipinicon valleys.
Journal of the Iowa Academy of Science
© Copyright 1991 by the Iowa Academy of Science, Inc.
Perry, Michael J.
"Middle Woodland Field Camps in the Cedar Valley,"
The Journal of the Iowa Academy of Science: JIAS: Vol. 98:
, Article 3.
Available at: http://scholarworks.uni.edu/jias/vol98/iss3/3