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Document Type

Research

Keywords

Middle Woodland Period archaeology, ceramic typology, eastern Iowa

Abstract

Archaeological survey and testing of two proposed road projects within the Cedar River valley resulted in the location of several prehistoric occupational sites. Ceramics recovered at three of the sites, 13LN226, 13LN236, and 13LN243, are identified as late Middle Woodland period specimens, dating to ca. A.D. 200. The three sites border Cedar River tributaries, occupying high terrace formations within the broad bottomlands of the Cedar valley. The type and distribution of artifacts suggest that 13LN236 and 13LN243 functioned as repeatedly utilized, short-term extractive and processing camps. Previous research at sites of similar age focused on small, protected rockshelters and large, long-term "village" sites. The identification of field camps in the areas investigated provides a more complete picture of Middle Woodland settlement patterns in the Cedar valley. The ceramic type Spring Hollow Crosshatched is described, based on specimens recovered from several sites in the Iowa, Cedar, and Wapsipinicon valleys.

Publication Date

September 1991

Journal Title

Journal of the Iowa Academy of Science

Volume

98

Issue

3

First Page

109

Last Page

117

Copyright

© Copyright 1991 by the Iowa Academy of Science, Inc.

Language

EN

File Format

application/pdf