Graduate Research Papers

Award/Availability

Open Access Graduate Research Paper

Keywords

Heart--Diseases; African Americans--Health and hygiene; African Americans--Diseases;

Abstract

The rate of hypertension and cardiovascular disease for African Americans is disproportionately higher compared to Whites Americans. Previous research has focused much of its attention on biological and socioeconomic differences as a pathway to explain the disparity in rates of cardiovascular disease. Reviewed is the connection between socioeconomic status and cardiovascular disease, but also extends the reach of etiology to include racially induced cardiovascular reactivity responses in African American. Stereotype threat occurs when a member of a stereotyped group encounters a situation where a stereotype exists, the threat of confirming the stereotype produces an exaggerated cardiovascular response. This model takes into account mediating factors such as perceptions and conceptualizations of race and stereotype as important markers which influence the degree of cardiovascular response demonstrated, thus African Americans who perceived greater racial stress, also demonstrated greater cardiovascular response. Stereotype threat may provide an explanation and a possible pathway to the etiology of hypertension disparity in African Americans.

Date of Award

2013

Degree Name

Master of Science

Department

School of Health, Physical Education, and Leisure Services

Department

Division of Health Promotion and Education

First Advisor

Catherine Zeman, Chair

Date Original

2013

Object Description

1 PDF file (iv, 80 pages)

Language

EN

File Format

application/pdf

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