Open Access Thesis
Atheists--Terminology; Atheism--Terminology; Prejudices--Religious aspects;
Prior research indicates that how concepts are described impacts our beliefs about the subject itself. For example, when the term “welfare” (instead of “help for the poor”) is used to ask people whether assistance should be increased in times of economic hardship, support is lower (Smith, 1987). My research question centers on whether or not this effect would carry over to the area of religion and the use of the terms “atheist” or “those with no religious beliefs.” Participants in the current studies were presented with a vignette about a student who was labeled as an atheist, as having no religious beliefs, or with no religious information provided (control) who committed an ethical transgression (cheating on an exam). Participants completed dependent measures assessing morality of the target, seriousness of the transgression, recommended punishment, and responsibility. Additionally, participants’ religiosity (Huber & Huber, 2012) and Cognitive Need for Closure (Webster & Kruglanski, 1994) were analyzed as potential moderators. When the target was labeled as an atheist, participants across the three studies recommended that the target be punished more severely and viewed the transgression as more serious than when the target was described as having no religious beliefs. Neither Need for Closure nor religiosity moderated these effects.
Keywords: labeling effect, religious prejudice, atheism, need for closure, religiosity
Date of Award
Master of Arts
Department of Psychology
Carolyn Hildebrandt, Chair
1 PDF file (viii, 94 pages)
©2016 Brock Rozich
Rozich, Brock C., "Labeling of religious non-believers: The effect of the "atheist" title on moral judgments about non-theists" (2016). Electronic Theses and Dissertations. 302.