Electronic Theses and Dissertations

Award/Availability

Open Access Thesis

Keywords

Endemic plants--Reintroduction--Iowa--Neal Smith National Wildlife Refuge; Prairie restoration--Iowa--Neal Smith National Wildlife Refuge; Side-oats grama--Iowa--Neal Smith National Wildlife Refuge;

Abstract

A major problem early in prairie reconstruction is weed competition. Research has shown that mowing in the first year can increase establishment and survival of prairie plants. The use of nurse crops (companion crops) has been suggested as an alternative to mowing for weed suppression. The goal of this study was to examine various seeding rates of B. curtipendula, as a nurse crop in mowed and unmowed plots to determine if it suppressed weeds and aided in the establishment of natives. We hypothesized that increasing the seeding rate of B curtipendula will reduce weed growth and promote an increase in native seedling numbers. In addition we hypothesized that number of the native seedlings in mowed plots with no B. curtipendula seed will be similar to unmowed plots seeded with B. curtipendula. Seeds of 25 different species of grasses and forbs were broadcast on June 18th at Neal Smith Wildlife Refuge at a seeding rate of22 seeds/m2 . B. curtipendula was also broadcast seeded at rates of 0, 22, 43, 173, and 345 seeds/m2 . The site was mowed mid-August of the first growing season and approximately every three weeks of the second growing season. Sampling was done in early September 2005 and in June and mid August 2006. Native seedling counts, biomass clippings, basal cover, and photosynthetic light were measured. Varying seeding rates of Bouteloua curtipendula had no significant effect on native species composition or weed biomass. Mowing had negative effects on native species composition, especially native grasses.

Date of Award

2009

Degree Name

Master of Science

Department

Department of Biology

Department

Tallgrass Prairie Center

First Advisor

Daryl Smith, Chair

Date Original

2009

Object Description

1 PDF file (x, 107 pages)

Language

EN

Included in

Biology Commons

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