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Title

Liberals’ and Conservatives’ Perceptions of Warmth-Competence and Threat for Immigrant Groups

Presentation Type

Poster Presentation

Abstract

The stereotype-content model of prejudice posits that outgroups are perceived in terms of warmth and competence (Cuddy, Fiske, & Glick, 2008). The integrated model of racism (Dovidio & Gaertner, 1998) suggests that liberals tend to overcompensate for their prejudicial attitudes by favoring outgroups, whereas conservatives tend to justify their prejudicial attitudes. We hypothesized that liberals and conservatives would perceive outgroups differently in terms of warmth-competence. 87 white students rated how characteristic 26 traits were of Arab, Chinese, and Mexican immigrants, Bosnian refugees, and African Americans. Liberals rated Arab (t(53)= 2.09, p= .04, CI(.95)[.01527, .71763]) and Mexican immigrants (t(63)= 2.47, p= .02, CI(.95)[.07287, .68989]) as warmer than did conservatives, but conservatives rated Bosnian refugees (t(63)= -2.02, p= .05, CI(.95)[-.65387, -.00341]) and Mexican immigrants (t(63)= -2.425, p= .02, CI(.95)[-.72841, -.07029]) higher on competence than did liberals. All five target groups were rated as more warm than competent by all participants. Chinese immigrants were rated least competent and African Americans were rated least warm by all participants. Consistent with the integrated model of prejudice, liberals rated target racial groups as warmer, indicating explicitly positive feelings toward those groups, but also as less competent, which may suggest more implicit prejudice toward those groups.

Start Date

25-4-2015 8:30 AM

End Date

25-4-2015 9:45 AM

Faculty Advisor

Helen Harton

Comments

Location: Great Reading Room, Seerley Hall

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Apr 25th, 8:30 AM Apr 25th, 9:45 AM

Liberals’ and Conservatives’ Perceptions of Warmth-Competence and Threat for Immigrant Groups

The stereotype-content model of prejudice posits that outgroups are perceived in terms of warmth and competence (Cuddy, Fiske, & Glick, 2008). The integrated model of racism (Dovidio & Gaertner, 1998) suggests that liberals tend to overcompensate for their prejudicial attitudes by favoring outgroups, whereas conservatives tend to justify their prejudicial attitudes. We hypothesized that liberals and conservatives would perceive outgroups differently in terms of warmth-competence. 87 white students rated how characteristic 26 traits were of Arab, Chinese, and Mexican immigrants, Bosnian refugees, and African Americans. Liberals rated Arab (t(53)= 2.09, p= .04, CI(.95)[.01527, .71763]) and Mexican immigrants (t(63)= 2.47, p= .02, CI(.95)[.07287, .68989]) as warmer than did conservatives, but conservatives rated Bosnian refugees (t(63)= -2.02, p= .05, CI(.95)[-.65387, -.00341]) and Mexican immigrants (t(63)= -2.425, p= .02, CI(.95)[-.72841, -.07029]) higher on competence than did liberals. All five target groups were rated as more warm than competent by all participants. Chinese immigrants were rated least competent and African Americans were rated least warm by all participants. Consistent with the integrated model of prejudice, liberals rated target racial groups as warmer, indicating explicitly positive feelings toward those groups, but also as less competent, which may suggest more implicit prejudice toward those groups.