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Title

Lead Use in Lip Balms

Presentation Type

Oral Presentation

Keywords

Lip care preparations industry; Lipstick--Lead content--Measurement; Lead poisoning in children;

Abstract

Lead remains one of the largest environmental toxins affecting children today (Costa, et al., 2004). It is associated with lower IQ, learning difficulties, decreased economic potential and other negative social behaviors (Kordas et al., 2006). In the U.S., high lead amounts remain in and immediately around housing built before 1978 as well as a variety of other sources that are marketed to the most lead vulnerable population, young children (Tarragó, 2015). Lip balm was found to be the source a lead poisoned child in Minnesota (Kenow, 2014).

This study examines the lead content in lip balms that are highly desirable to young children. Twenty-one lip balm samples were collected from various retail outlets. These samples will be analyzed using Mass Spectroscopy, specifically Fourier Transform Infrared Spectroscopy (FTIR) to determine lead content. FTIR technology is used to detect and compare weights of substances against standards to identify and quantify the amount of a specific material within a substance. Once FTIR analysis is complete, ANOVA bivariate and Chi Squared statistics will then be used to compare lead content to the lip balm brand, color, flavor, country of origin, label warnings as well as price to determine possible correlations.

Start Date

4-4-2017 1:00 PM

End Date

4-4-2017 4:30 PM

Faculty Advisor

Catherine Zeman

Department

School of Kinesiology, Allied Health, and Human Services

Department

Division of Health Promotion and Education

Comments

Location: Maucker Union Elm Room

Embargo Date

4-4-2017

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Apr 4th, 1:00 PM Apr 4th, 4:30 PM

Lead Use in Lip Balms

Lead remains one of the largest environmental toxins affecting children today (Costa, et al., 2004). It is associated with lower IQ, learning difficulties, decreased economic potential and other negative social behaviors (Kordas et al., 2006). In the U.S., high lead amounts remain in and immediately around housing built before 1978 as well as a variety of other sources that are marketed to the most lead vulnerable population, young children (Tarragó, 2015). Lip balm was found to be the source a lead poisoned child in Minnesota (Kenow, 2014).

This study examines the lead content in lip balms that are highly desirable to young children. Twenty-one lip balm samples were collected from various retail outlets. These samples will be analyzed using Mass Spectroscopy, specifically Fourier Transform Infrared Spectroscopy (FTIR) to determine lead content. FTIR technology is used to detect and compare weights of substances against standards to identify and quantify the amount of a specific material within a substance. Once FTIR analysis is complete, ANOVA bivariate and Chi Squared statistics will then be used to compare lead content to the lip balm brand, color, flavor, country of origin, label warnings as well as price to determine possible correlations.